Victim may have a broken bone (fracture) and should be examined by a medical professional.
A sprain is an injury to soft tissue surrounding joint due to stretching or overstretching of ligaments, muscles, tendons, or blood vessels.
May include: painful movement, swelling, discoloration and tenderness around injured joint.
- If ankle or knee is affected, do not allow victim to walk. Loosen or remove shoe; elevate leg.
- Protect skin with thin towel or cloth. Then apply cold, wet compresses or cold packs to affected area. Never pack joint in ice or immerse in icy water.
- Wrap an elastic bandage around affected area, as directed on the package-not too tight.
- Consult professional medical assistance for further treatment if necessary.