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Sprain Symptoms & Treatment


Victim may have a broken bone (fracture) and should be examined by a medical professional.

A sprain is an injury to soft tissue surrounding joint due to stretching or overstretching of ligaments, muscles, tendons, or blood vessels.


May include: painful movement, swelling, discoloration and tenderness around injured joint.


  1. If ankle or knee is affected, do not allow victim to walk. Loosen or remove shoe; elevate leg.
  2. Protect skin with thin towel or cloth. Then apply cold, wet compresses or cold packs to affected area. Never pack joint in ice or immerse in icy water.
  3. Wrap an elastic bandage around affected area, as directed on the package-not too tight.
  4. Consult professional medical assistance for further treatment if necessary.